Mitman, Carl W. "Marshall Burns Lloyd." Dictionary of American Biography. Vol. 6. Ed. Dumas Malone. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1933: 333-32.
LLOYD, MARSHALL BURNS (March 10, 1858-August 10, 1927), inventor, manufacturer, was born in St. Paul, Minnesota, the son of John and Margaret (Conmee) Lloyd. His father was an Englishman who had emigrated to Canada in 1832 and in the early fifties had settled in St. Paul with his bride. While Lloyd was still an infant, however, his parents returned to Canada to live and settled on a farm at Meaford on Georgian Bay. Here young Lloyd obtained a bit of an education and at the age of fourteen went to work in the village store. Possessing unusual initiative and aggressiveness he soon gave up this work to sell fish, catching his own fish and peddling them from door to door. At sixteen he went alone to Toronto and for two years worked in a grocery store and also peddled soap. At eighteen he became a rural mail-carrier on the sixty-five-mile route between Port Arthur and Pidgeon River, and while so engaged he joined the rush of settlers and real-estate speculators to Winnipeg. For a living he worked as a waiter, and by shrewd purchases of land with his meager savings he accumulated several thousand dollars within a few months. With this fund he went to North Dakota, bought a farm at Grafton, and brought to it his parents and brothers and sisters. He soon discovered that he did not like farming and went alone again to St. Thomas, North Dakota, where he engaged in the insurance business. While thus employed he patented a weighing scale for the use of farmers and undertook to manufacture the article in St. Thomas. Shortly after getting under way, however, the factory was completely destroyed by fire and Lloyd lost everything. In the hope of securing financial aid to rebuild his plant he went to Minneapolis, Minnesota, but was not successful. In order to live he became a shoe salesman and in his spare time worked on other inventions.
After more than ten years Lloyd was eventually rewarded when the C. O. White Manufacturing Company of Minneapolis gave him an interest in the company in exchange for the right to use a machine he had patented for weaving wire door and table mats. He then patented a machine for weaving wire spring mattresses. With this invention he was able to buy out the White Company in 1900 and to found the Lloyd Manufacturing Company. The success of his woven-wire bed spring was immediate and he sold manufacturing rights not only to American industrialists but also to manufacturers in Europe, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa. Following this venture he perfected a machine to make wire wheels for baby carriages and began their manufacture first in Minneapolis and then in Menominee, Michigan, where his plant was permanently established. His next successful invention was the machinery for manufacturing thin tubing out of ribbons of steel of any width, and the machinery to weave wicker-ware of other than flat surfaces. He changed the time-honored method of weaving, and instead of attaching the weft or warp to the frame of the article desired, he found a way of weaving the wicker independently of the frame and attaching it afterward. He then devised a loom to weave wicker independently of the frame and attaching it afterward. He then devised a loom to weave wicker in a new way. This machine, capable of weaving wicker-ware more exactly and in one-thirtieth of the time required by the expert hand-weaver, revolutionized the wicker-manufacturing industry.
In addition to his activities in the several manufacturing companies which he founded, Lloyd, a few years before his death, successfully organized a community cooperative department store and theater in Menominee. He was also mayor of Menominee for two terms from 1913 to 1917. He was married three times but there were no children from any of the marriages. His third wife, Mrs. Henriette Hammer Pollen of Orange, N. J., whom he married on April 11, 1922, survived him at the time of his death in Menominee.
[Sources: Who's Who in America, 1926-27; Annual Report of the Commissioner of Patents, 1888 and years following; Menominee Herald-Leader, August 10, 1927; information as to certain facts from the Lloyd Manufacturing Company] C.W.M.
Fuller, George N., Ed., "Furniture," Chap. in Michigan: A Centennial History of the State and its People, vol 1. (Chicago: The Lewis Publishing Co, 1939), 555.
Menominee in the Upper Peninsula is the home of a branch of a nationally known industry making a wide variety of furniture equipment and products. The national corporation is the Heywood-Wakefield Company, founded in Massachusetts in 1826. One of its three manufacturing plants is the Lloyd Manufacturing Company at Menominee. Marshall B. Lloyd was the founder of the Lloyd Manufacturing Company at Minneapolis in 1900. The company specialized in boys' express wagons, furniture and baby carriages made of hand-woven reed. In 1907 he moved the business to Menominee and reincorporated the Lloyd Manufacturing Company. Its first product was express wagons, and later the company manufactured collapsible go-carts and in 1914 resumed the production of hand-woven reed baby carriages. The company was consolidated with the Heywood-Wakefield Company in 1921. Marshall B. Lloyd's inventive genius was responsible for the development of looms capable of weaving fibre so that the basic processes involved in the weaving of wicker bodies for baby carriages and for furniture which prior to 1917 required a hand worker an entire day became a practically automatic process. Fabric made in the Lloyd looms at Menominee are used not only in baby carriages but in a large variety of furniture.
Who Was Who in America, Vol. 1 1897-1942. Chicago: A. N. Marquis Co., 1943.
Lloyd, Marshall Burns, inventor, mfr.; b. St. Paul, Minn., Mar. 10, 1858; s. John and Margaret (Conmee) L.; ed. pub. schs. Meaford, Can; married. First invention was combination bagholder and scale, for farmers; founded, 1900, at Minneapolis, Minn., later at Menominee, Mich., the Lloyd Mfg. Co., mfrs. bedspring weaving machine; later invented new method and machinery for making thin seamless steel tubing; also new method for producing wicker articles and loom for weaving the wicker; now mgr. Lloyd Mfg. Co.; v.p. Automatic Seamless Tubing Co. Mayor of Menominee, 1913-17. Republican, K. of P. Home: Menominee, Mich. Died Aug. 10, 1927.
The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, Vol. 25. P. 121.
Lloyd Marshall Burns, inventor and manufacturer, was born in St. Paul, Minn., Mar. 10, 1881 , son of John and Margaret (Commee [Conmee]) Lloyd. He was obliged to contribute to the support of the family at an early age and when only fifteen invented a clothes hamper and a spring bed which he traded to farmers for food and clothing. He was employed in various occupations in Toronto and Winnipeg, Canada. As a real estate dealer, he earned enough money to buy a farm near Grafton, N. Dak., on which his family settled. Soon tiring of farm life, he engaged in the insurance business at St. Thomas, N. Dak., and while there invented a scale and bag holder with which one man could do the work of two in filling a bag with grain. Next he invented a machine for weaving wire door and table mats and sold the rights to the C. O. White Manufacturing Co. of Minneapolis, for a part interest in the business. Then followed a new form of steel wheel for children's vehicles and a wire weaving machine. The latter invention (1900) revolutionized the bed spring industry and enabled him to buy out his partners in the C. O. White Manufacturing Co., the name of which was then changed to the Lloyd Manufacturing Co. He moved his plant to Menominee, Mich., in 1906 and manufactured principally children's vehicles. In 1910 he invented what is called the Lloyd-oxyacetylene method of making thin gauged steel tubing and a machine for manufacturing it. Solid strips of steel fed into this machine are automatically shaped, rolled, pressed and welded into the strongest seamless tubing made. With a constant forward motion, the machine automatically polishes and cuts the tubes at any desired length. In 1912 he began to manufacture seamless tubing in his own plant. Steel beds, first introduced in 1914, were one result of his invention. In 1914 he sold the American Patent rights in the inventions to an automobile manufacturing company for $300,000. His third most important invention was a loom for weaving reed or wicker articles, patented in 1917. From the earliest times articles made of reed were woven by hand. Unsuccessful attempts had been made to devise a machine to replace hand labor until the advent of the Lloyd loom which weaves the irregular shapes of wicker articles more smoothly and evenly and more rapidly. It is employed chiefly in the manufacture of baby carriages and wicker furniture. Three years after this invention the Lloyd plant had become the largest producer of baby carriages in the world, and now practically all manufacturers in that line are using the Lloyd looms under license. In 1921 he disposed of the American rights in the loom and his interest in the Lloyd Manufacturing Co. which was merged with the Heywood-Wakefield Co. of Boston. Lloyd was mayor of Menominee during 1913-17. He was president of the Lumberman's bank of Menominee, vice-president of the Automatic Seamless Tubing Co. and a director of the Heywood-Wakefield Manufacturing Co. and the Hoskin-Morainville Paper Co. In politics he was a Republican. He was a liberal contributor to charities and other benevolent purposes. Motoring, ice skating and golf were his chief outdoor recreations. He was married in New York city, Apr. 11, 1922, to Mrs. Henrietta (Hammer) Pollen, daughter of Neals Hammer, of Orange, N.J., and died, without issue, at Menominee, Mich., Aug. 10, 1927.
The Toronto Star Weekly. July 8, 1920.
THE "WHEEL RIGS" MAN
Life story of Marshall B. Lloyd of Menominee, Michigan.
Just over forty years ago he was dragging a boy's wagon full of soap behind him and peddling its contents at Toronto back doors. Today he is owner of a million-dollar manufacturing plant and has sold his foreign patent rights in numerous inventions for three or four times that amount.
Reared on an Ontario farm near Meaford, young Lloyd left school at an early age to assist his father in a shingle mill.
Here he introduced his first "invention" in the shape of eaves troughs for houses and barns. These he made from cedar poles split, and with the centres removed. The family moved into Meaford and Marshall B. set up in business as a fish salesman, spearing his stock in trade in the Georgian Bay and selling it from a wheelbarrow in a house to house canvass. A job as delivery boy in the ideal store followed and on the transfer of the business to Toronto the young inventor turned his hands to the making of an improved clothes hamper.
A flattering offer from his old Meaford employer of "$8.00 per month, board and room," brought the boy to Toronto where he became an employee in the John L. Milkie store at 424 Younge Street, on the corner of Buchanan immediately south of College. Mr. Milkie who had a dash of nomadic blood himself, again removed his store, this time to Port Arthur leaving his Meaford assistant behind in the city. It was a time when jobs were scarce and it prompted the discarded apprentice to force the hand of Fortune.
With his last money he bought a stock of soap. Borrowing a small boy's wagon he set out to conquer his world.
"I guess the women felt sorry for me because I was so small" said Mr. Lloyd to an interviewer recently.
"They bought enough soap to last them a long, long while. I kept at the game until I thought I had sold enough to keep all Toronto clean until the millenium.
Having no fixed ambition to become a soap baron the young peddler next turned his attention to cheap jewelry. With one of his soap boxes for a platform and armed with a tray of glittering near gems and trinkets he startled Younge street with his eloquence.
"Well, sir, it was a great business" declared Mr. Lloyd, and his tone seemed to indicate that nothing in his subsequent amazingly successful career has given him quite the same up-and-down-the spine joyous feelings that he experienced when he awoke the down-town echoes forty years ago, "yelling like blue murder"-to quote his own phrase and selling broaches and earrings like hot waffles.
"I saved one of my old soap boxes because I was so small that I had to stand on something in order to be heard" he explained.
"I'll never forget that first day in the jewelry business. My small figure voice fighting the stage fright and queer antics soon attracted a crowd.
Before saying a word I pulled out my handkerchief and performed a few simple tricks. I promised to do the greatest trick ever known after I had sold a few pieces of jewelry, but we all forgot about the famous trick long before I was through selling. I had a special line of alleged poetry for my goods and one phrase that I recall was: "If you present this to your Isabella she will never leave you for another fella!"
When business in the city showed signs of slackening, the young merchant bought a horse and buggy and carried the good work into the country districts. Other lines of merchandise were gradually added and the widening itinerary finally landed the peddler at Port Arthur. Here be became mail carrier with a train of dogs and a sleigh of mail. Then he traded his watch for a railroad ticket to Winnipeg. Arriving there without funds he served as a waiter in a hotel. Acting on a tip concerning a piece of ground he secured an option on the plot, which he sold at a profit of $150. With this money he opened a real estate office and when he decided to pull out of Winnipeg he took with him $15,000.
Lloyd's next essay was a United States farmer. From that he passed to insurance. One day he stood watching two men fill and weigh grain sacks. He decided that one man was enough for such a job and he accordingly invented a scale and bag holder that cut the cost of labor in two.
Renting a blacksmith shop, he started to manufacture his new invention but hardly was he under way before a disastrous fire cleaned him out. Without funds he accepted a position as a shoe salesman.
The invention of a wire weaving machine for making door and table mats brought him half interest in the C.O. White Manufacturing Co. of Minneapolis, a concern making baby carriages. A later invention to make bedsprings and mattresses was so successful that he was able to buy out his partner and change the name of the firm to the Lloyd Manufacturing Co. The sale of his patent rights in foreign countries put the concern on a sound basis.
Other successful inventions followed and fifteen years ago the Lloyd plant was removed to Menominee, Michigan where it is now located. It was here that Mr. Lloyd brought out a new process, a machinery for making steel tubing. The Steel Corporation at Pittsburgh turned down the invention as "crazy" but later paid the inventor many thousand of dollars for using his method.
Mr. Lloyd's most famous discovery is a loom to weave wicker baby carriages, an invention for which he refused $1,000,000 and for the Canadian, Australian, New Zealand, and British rights of which he received $1,500,000.
The new Lloyd loom can weave a baby carriage in any desired shape or contour in fifteen minutes. Previously, it took a hand weaver an entire day to perform the same work.
Now one loom does the work of thirty weavers. The output of the plant has been increased by 600 percent and the number of employees only 25 per cent. The floor space of the plant has not been added to but a great new factory has been erected for the weaving of wicker furniture.
I was too busy in those days to take in very lasting impressions of my physical surroundings. I can recall but little detail of Toronto as I knew it then. The town was a good one and live for its size. I doubt very much if I should be able to recognize your fine city of today, with the Toronto of my boyhood struggles. I always found the people very generous. This was particularly true of the women who, instead of haggling with me about the price of my soap, paid me most liberally.
Mr. Lloyd has been Mayor of Menominee, Michigan for two terms. He invented so many improvements into political government that he was known as "Efficiency" Lloyd, a name that has stuck and by which he is generally known.
The Herald-Leader Menominee, Michigan, August 10, 1927, P1.
Menominee Mourns Loss
of its Best Friend
Marshall Burns Lloyd
Expressions of regret over the untimely passing of Marshall B. Lloyd were made in Marinette official circles this morning and also from business men, when the word of his death became generally known.
Loss of Mr. Lloyd
Not for his inventive genius that made possible the construction of the Lloyd Loom Products Company plant in Menominee gining employment to thousands of Menominee and Marinette people and making himself wealthy and internationally prominent was Mr. Lloyd best known, but for his lead in civic and community betterment for the twin cities.
Marinette people regretted his death at this time, when these two cities were coming to the forefront industrially and commercially under such inspiring leadership of men with the character of Mr. Lloyd. Marinette feals the effect of his passing every bit as much as Menominee. The city of Marinette in addition to words of sympathy to Mrs. Lloyd by officials, also paid tribute to his memory by sending a floral offering.
Speaking of the death of Mr. Lloyd, Mayor L. M. Everet said this morning for the city:
"Seldom does a community so feel the loss in case of the death of an individual as is felt in the passing of Mr. Lloyd. He was more than an individual. He represented the spririt of progress, civic improvement and prosperity in these Twin cities. Marinette, as Menominee, Mourns his untimely death and offers its sincerest condolence tto his bereaved widow, his realtives and his friends."
As president of the city council and speaking for that body, Ald. James Pedersen said:
"Mr. Lloyd always took a part in civic aactivities. To the last he promoted good will between Marinette and Mneominee. With his health failing, he attempeted to close the breach caused by the bridge dispute in a strirring address, which probably hastened his end. The two cities have lost a ..."
MARSHALL B. LLOYD, MENOMINEE'S FIRST CITIZEN, PASSES AWAY
Will Lie in State Thursday Afternoon at Family Residence, Sheridan Road, So Public May View Body of Man Who Consecrated himself to the Welfare of the City He Loved--Sepulchre Will Be Made at Riverside Cemetery.
Death came early this morning to Marshall B. Lloyd Menominee's foremost citizen and its best friend. He died at 4:15 o'clock after a fairly good night's rest, marked, however, by attacks of suffocation.
As the night waned he appeared to grow tired.
"I want to take a deep breath," he said to Mrs. Lloyd. It was his last breath. As he straightened up and breathed he collapsed forward, dead. He was conscious to the last.
Death was due to angina pectoris, explained as producing spasmodic suffocative attacks of the heart. Oxygen was administered when the heart functions lapsed. These treatments had continued since last Friday.
At his bedside when he passed away were Mrs. Lloyd, his brother, Cyrus [Sing] Lloyd; his nephews, William [John] and Cyrus [Watson] Lloyd; C[laude]. M[athew]. Dalrymple, his life-long friend; and A. Walker and Dr. H. T. Sethmey, the attending physicians.
The end was not unexpected. For days it had been evident that life was ebbing. Tuesday morning about ... o'clock he suffered a particularly severe attack. Each sinking spell left him in a more weakened condition but the same indomitable courage which had characterized Mr. Lloyd in his years of commercial strife--from a youth in comparative poverty, through the vicissitudes of an inventive career to scientific fame, business success and wealthe--marked his struggle with death.
Time and again the end seemed imminent, the last spark of life almost extinguished, yet he would revive to greet his family and frinds about him with a reassuring smile.
With his keen analythical mind which functioned as brilliantly as ever to the very last despite his illness and his 69 years, he fought his fight with death. He studied his own condition, marked the effects of the various medicines, reasoned their respective merit and marshaled his physical resources as effectively as a general on the battle field. He had fought a similar battle with death several months ago and won through the power of his mind and he would not admit defeat this time.
It was not that Mr. Lloyd feared death, but he had shaped his plans in life to require another year or so to round out certain business affairs for the good of Menominee. It was for that additional year he fought with Menominee, as ever, foremost in his mind.
Mr. Lloyd had not been in the best of health the last nine or ten months; even before that he had suffered recurrences of an old heart ailment which was aggravated by attacks of indigestion, but it was towards the end of last year after the sustained press of business affairs connected with the opening of his big department store and theater enterprise, that his appearance indicated he was not a well man. He went to the Battle Creek sanitarium, where he had previously been a patient. Following several weeks treatment he returned to Menominee and after the new year, with Mrs. Lloyd who had been with him at Battle Creek, went to their winter home in Miami, Fla., for a few weeks recuperation.
In touch with affairs.
Returning to Menominee last spring, Mr. Lloyd was about the store regularly for a time but of late moths remained more often at home although keeping in continual touch with affairs at the store, and, as usual, in intimate contact with civic affairs. No later than the night of July 25 he attended a meeting of the city council to take up with that body a matter of civic importance. Even on that night he attacked the question at hand with his usual vigor and strength of purpose, but it was apparent that physically he was not the same Mr. Lloyd who had so often stood unrestrained before the council as the Mayor of (cont. p. 10)
The Herald-Leader Menominee, Michigan, August 10, 1927, P10:1.
MARSHALL B. LLOYD, MENOMINEE'S FIRST CITIZEN, PASSES AWAY
(Continued from page one)
Menominee or as a private citizen fighting for a principal and for what he considered the best interests of Menomini.
Was Bank President.
At the time of his death Mr. Lloyd was president of the Lumbermen's National bank, president of the Community Building Company, president and sole owner of the Lloyd Department Store and Lloyd Theater, director of the Heywood-Wakefield Company, vice president of the Automatic Seemless Tubing Company and director of the Hoskin-Morainville Paper Company, besides holding stock in other banks and manufacturing enterprises.
Besides his widow, Mr. Lloyd is survived by one brother, Cyrus S Lloyd of Santa Monica, Calif. and three sisters, Mrs. Marguerite (Ernest) Gifford, Lockport N.Y., Mrs. Agnes (C. A.) Farrar and Mrs. Ellen (William) Jamieson, Meaford Ontario. He is also survived by nine nieces and eight nephews.
the funeral has been announced to be held Saturday afternoon but definite arrangements and the exact hour will not be known until tomorrow. Rev. Lewis J Bailey of Grace Episcopal church will officiate. Burial will be in Riverside.
The body will lie in state after 4 o'clock Thursday afternoon at the Lloyd residence on Sheridan road where it may be viewed by the public
| The Life Story Of Mr. Lloyd |
Marshall Burns Lloyd was born in St. Paul, Minn. on March 10, 1858, a son of John Lloyd, Jr. and Margaret (Conmee) Lloyd. He was of English descent, his father having come to Canada from England in 1832. Soon after his birth the family returned to Canada, where the father engaged in farming at Meaford on Georgian Bay. Here the lad gained a limited education, being called upon at an early age to bear a share of the family expenses. After some unsatisfactory experience in cutting wood and helping in a village store the boy entered into business on his own account as a fish merchant, catching his own fish and peddling them about the village in a hand cart.
His first experience as an inventor was connected with his fishing, for which he devised a new and effective spear. This was followed by the manufacture of clothes hampers which, in the dearth of ready money, he traded for food products and clothing. He than invented and manufactured a spring bed which was disposed of in the same way. The limited conditions of the neighborhood soon proved irksome, and he left home for the larger opportunities at Toronto, where he became a clerk in a grocery. Seizing upon a new venture, the young man began a house-to-house canvass of the city with a line of soaps, and persisted until, to quote his own expression, "everybody in Toronto had enough soap to keep them clean until the millenium." He then took up the sale of Jewelry in the Toronto streets;and later drove about the country selling general merchandise to farmers from a covered wagon drawn by one horse.
Drove Dog Team
He was now 18 years of age, and being offered the position of mail carrier between Port Arthur and Pidgeon River, he accepted. In these days the service over the 65 miles was conducted with a team of six dogs, and the trip was made in two days.
Attracted by the rush of settlers and real estate speculators to Winnipeg, Mr. Lloyd joined the throng, sacrificing his watch to procure his railway ticket. He reached Winnipeg destitute of money but found immediate employment as a waiter in one of the hotels. Here he accumulated a small amount of money which he invested so wisely in an option on a plot of city property that within an hour he was able to sell it at a profit of $150.
With this capital he left the hotel service and established a real estate office. Fortune favored him and within a few months he had accumulated several thousand dollars. Satisfied with this fund he went to North Dakota, buying a farm at Grafton, to which he moved his parents and his brothers and sisters. But farm life and labor palled on his active nature, and he soon turned over the farm to his father, and went to St. Thomas where he engaged in the insurance business. It was at this period that his inventive faculties began to exercise domination over his energies. The first product was a combination scale and bag holder to be used in filling grain sacks. The device enabled one man to do the work formerly requiring two men. Mr. Lloyd began the manufacture of this invention at St. Thomas, but was so unfortunate as to lose his factory and equipment by fire.
First Big Success
Again without working capital, he went to Minneapolis, but, failing to interest capitalists, he became, for the time being, a salesman in a shoe store. Meanwhile he was perfecting a mechanism for weaving wire door mats and table mats. The success of this machine won him an interest in the C. O. White Manufacturing Company in exchange for the rights to use his machine. Later he invented a machine for weaving wire spring mattresses and with this in 1900 he was able to buy out his partner and found the Lloyd Manufacturing Company. The success of the woven wire bed spring was immediate and far reaching, and the rights to manufacture it were sold not only to a number of American manufacturers, but also to those in six European countries, Australia, New Zealand and in South Africa.
Through the invention of a wire wheel for children's vehicles Mr. Lloyd became interested in the manufacture of these articles. Soon after he was attracted by more favorable business possibilities to Menominee and he moved his plant here.
The need of a thin gauged steel tubing at a reasonable price set him to work on that problem. Years of effort solved the mystery with the invention of what is known as the Lloyd-Oxyacetylene method of welding tubing from steel ribbon. When Mr. Lloyd had expended more than a quarter of a million dollars without completing his task he found his financial support weakening. Filled with the confidence that his ideas were correct he sought aid among the great steel manufacturers of Pittsburgh but was turned away as a visionary. Home support through the late J. W. Wells was forthcoming. The invention completed, patents secured and American rights sold for a large sum. Foreign patents were also secured and sold at remunerative figures.
Independent And Rich
Mr. Lloyd was now independent and might have retired with a competence for the remainder of his days; but this prospecet did not appeal to him. Instead, he turned his mind to the subject of producing wicker articles and actually weaving the wicker by a loom. Many inventors had attempted to construct looms which would weave wicker in accordance with old manufacturing methods, but all had failed. Realising this Mr. Lloyd set out to find a new method which would lend itself to weaving the wicker parts by machinery.
The art of weaving wicker and producing wicker articles is as old as man himself, but with all that age no man has been able to improve the art one whit over the methods used by Biblical folk. Years of study and experiment resulted in the solution and Mr. Lloyd brought forth a method for producing wicker articles entirely different from that used heretofore. The new method was employed in Mr. Lloyd's factory at Menominee for some time even under the hand weaving plan. Hand weaving being slow and imperfect urged Mr. Lloyd onward in search of a loom which would do the work. More experiments followed byt the irregular forms of the articles desired offered problems well-nigh impossible to solve. Constant application brought its reward in the shape of a loom which today is capable of weaving and does wave baby carriages or furniture in one-thirtieth the time required by hand weavers. The Lloyd method of production and Lloyd loom have revolutionized the wicker manufacturing industry and today the factory at Menominee and the plants of the company to which the rights were sold are the only ones in America where these remarkable inventions can be seen at work. Foreign rights were sold, brining to Mr. Lloyd a well-earned reward for his tireless and determined endeavor.
Kept On Working
In his late sixties, with his wealth running into millions of dollars, a beautiful winter home at Miami, Fla., and everything that he desired in his imposing residence on the bay shore in Menominee, Mr. Lloyd was not content to spend the remainder of his days in idleness. He maintained an experimental factory near his home on Sheridan rd. [sic] and spent many hours in it working on ideas which he intended to develop. He wanted to "do something for the men who worked," he often declared, and conceived and patented a sectional house, insulated from cold by a method of his own and including a heating system which he said would be decidedly economical. He maintained a crew of a dozen men employed in the shop perfecting details of his plans for the house which he intended to manufacture on a large scale and place on the market. He purchased the old county fair grounds as a location for his proposed "model city." Mr. Lloyd, however, did not carry out this plan. He was interrupted through illness in his desire to "do something for Menominee" when it needed a friend.
In February, 1924, Menominee's only department store was destroyed by fire and the owners decided not to rebuild. As the month dragged by the depression in Menominee business became marked. The Menominee manufacturies' payrolls were being spent largely out of the city to the distress of all local business.
Finally a committee of citizens appealed to Mr. Lloyd, who was in Florida at the time. Upon his return to Menominee he had plans under way to finance a department store and theater enterprise. Under the leadership of Mr. Lloyd 1,500 citizens subscribed to more than $500,000 in the Community Building corporation. The store and theater were built, both magnificent structures, but in the meantime it was discovered that a tenant for the 100 by 200 feet, four-story and basement store building was not easily obtained, and the stockholders were depressed. Mr. Lloyd again came to the rescue, leasing the building and guaranteeing the stockholders a reasonable interest on their money. He equipped the store and stocked it to compare in every respect with the best metropolitan establishments. He fitted and equipped the theater the equal of any of its size in the state. The theater and store were opened to business in October, 1926, with a celebration the likes of which Menominee had never seen before. The store and theater drove splendid patronage not only from the home folks but from distant towns, cities and rural communities.
Went to Europe
The details of management, however, rested almost entirely with Mr. Lloyd as had the detail of preparation. The entire burden was on his vigorous shoulders. In buying his merchandise stock Mr. Lloyd went to England, France and Germany to personally establish buying connections. In all his preparations he gave his personal attention to those details upon which the success of the venture depended. It was hard work and took a heavy toll on his physical resources.
Outside of his business activities, Mr. Lloyd found time to give to public service. From 1896 to 1900 he represented the Ninth ward of Minneapolis in the city's board of alderman and also served as a member of the Citizens' commission appointed to clean up vice conditions which were had. For two terms, 1913 to 1917, he served as mayor of the city of Menominee and it was during that period that the city secured control of the water works which had previously been owned and operated by a private company. It had been a source of pride to Mr. Lloyd that it was through his activities and influence that the city was assured a never failing supply of pure water.
Worked for Menomini.
Since making Menominee his home, Mr. Lloyd has given to the city everything within his power to the city's best interests. In political affairs he affiliated with the Republican party and took and active part in may campaigns. In local politics, however, it was always "the man" that counted most with him. He belonged to but one fraternal organization, the Knights of Pythias. He was a member of the Rotary club and Chamber of Commerce of Menominee and of the Union League club, Chicago. His charities were numerous, and above all he was an earnest worker in public affairs of Menominee.
On April 11, 1922 in New York City, Mr. Lloyd married Mrs. Henriette Hammer Pollen of Orange, N.J.
Mr. Lloyd's recreations until the last few years were chiefly those of the outdoors. He was an ardent motorist and golf player, and was known as an expert skater when the ice served. He was especially fond of poetry, and numbered among his intimates the works of all the greater poets and of many of those not so well known, but not less appreciated.
| He Spanned the Gap of Centuries |
Of Mr. Lloyd's two major inventions, the Encyclopedia Americana says:
Marshall B. Lloyd of Menominee Michigan, spanned the gap of centuries by changing the method of weaving before trying to make a machine loom which would do the weaving. Instead of attaching either the weft or warp to the frame of the article desired, he found a way of weaving the wicker independent of the frame and then attaching the wicker work to the frame. Any of the modern wickers lend themselves to his method. Later he produced a machine known as the Lloyd Loom, which weaves the wicker 30 times faster than the most expert hand weaver can and with far greater superiority. The loom also lends itself to weaving any kind of wicker strand. The Lloyd Loom requires that the weft be attacked to a drum. The warp is fed through a stationary shuttle after being made more or less continuous by connecting the ends of various pieces of wicker or making continuous wicker fiber. The average baby-carriage body of endless wicker fiber is usually woven on the loom in 18 minutes, while a hand weaver would require an entire day of nine working hours to accomplish the same results.
And even then his work would not be nearly as smooth and beautiful. This is due to mechanical exactness in weaving as compared with human lack of exactness in weaving, as is very evident when the old home-spun textiles are compared with modern machine woven products. The weaving of cane for chair seats, etc., has been in vogue for 35 years. This kind of weaving is called flat weaving and requires no shaping as does furniture, baby carriages, and baskets. Hence, the early solution of its mechanical weaving problems.
The Lloyd oxy-acetylene method of producing thin gauge steel tubing was another of this great man's inventions. Until this method was invented thin-gauge tubing was exceedingly costly in comparison to larger gauge tubing owing to the many more treatments required in order to get a thin-walled tube. The Lloyd oxy-acetylene method requires steel ribbons of desired widths. The ribbons are passed through oval-shaped rollers, thus bringing the square edges close together. At this point oxy-acetylene heat is applied at about 2,500 degrees and the welding takes place. It is then polished, cut off to desired lengths and comes out of the machine ready for use. A single machine accomplishes the entire work. The Lloyd oxy-acetylene method differs from the butt welding in that the steel edges are not pressed together and only a very small portion of the partially shaped tubing is heated. So delicate is the operation that a seamless tube is produced in desired lengths without waste.
The Herald-Leader Menominee, Michigan, Wednesday, August 17, 1927.
Lloyd Boys Leave For East
Jack Lloyd of Syracuse N. Y., and Cyrus [Watson] Lloyd of this city, nephews and heirs of the late Marshall B. Lloyd, left this noon for Syracuse by motor. Jack Lloyd will return to his duties as a salesman for the Lloyd Manufacturing Company in New Yorke State while Cyrus will spend a few days with friends in Geneva N. Y., his former home, before resuming his duties at Lloyd's store here.
[unidentified note attached]: I copied the above form the Herald-Leader of 8/17/27. It interested me because I lived in Geneva from the time I was one year old (1918) until I was about ten (1927). My grandparents lived there, and after we had moved to Monroe County I spent all the time possible with them until thir deaths in the 1930's.
My sister and I both had Lloyd doll Carriages, and another sister who came along in 1928 had a beautiful Lloyd stroller for her use. I don't think we knew where Lloyd's was located, but we definitely knew that Lloyd carriages were something special. I wish I could get to examine a Geneva City Directory to find where the Lloyd family lived. I have a feeling I knew where htey lived. I knew nearly evry street in the city, because my grandfather's and my favorite pastime was taking walks.
New York Times, Thursday August 11, 1927, P21:2.
MARSHALL B. LLOYD, LOOM INVENTOR DIES
Device to Weave Fiber Brought Him the Title of "Baby-Carriage King."
MENOMINEE. Mich., Aug 10 (AP).--Marshall B. Lloyd, wealthy manufacturer and nationally known as the inventor of the Lloyd loom, died late last night of heart disease, after an illness of two weeks.
Credited with revolutionizing three industries through his inventions, Mr. Lloyd was better known as the inventor of a loom for weaving fiber furniture, by which baby carriages are made.
It was this invention which brought him his greatest wealth, although he realized $800,000 in the sale of his patents on a process for making steel tubing. Antedating both of theses was the invention of a machine for weaving bed springs.
The loom for weaving fiber furniture was invented in 1917 and transformed the industry. Making a baby's carriage constituted a full day's work for a hand weaver, but Mr. Lloyd's loom turned out one every eighteen minutes.
Mr. Lloyd, who was 69 years old, became known as the "baby carriage king" and American Rights to the patent were sold by him a few years ago for $3,000,000. His inventions totaled 200.
A widow, two brothers and a sister survive.
Mr. Lloyd was born in St. Paul, Minn., on March 10, 1858, and was educated in the public schools of Meaford, Canada. At one time he was a mail carrier with a dog train between Port Arthur and Pigeon River, in Canada. He started as a waiter, and then bought and sold land until he had saved some money. His first invention was a combination baggage holder and scale for farmers. It was not until 1900 that he founded in Minneapolis the Lloyd Manufacturing Company. Later the business was moved to Menominee, Mich., a city which he served as Mayor from 1913 to 1917.
In 1922 Mr. Lloyd married Mrs. Houriette [Henriette] Pollen, 55 years old, of 209 Taylor Street, Orange, N. J. The marriage, which took place in the Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church, resulted from an acquaintanceship begun a short time before in Florida, where Mr. Lloyd was spending the Winter. They first met in a novelty shop where Mrs. Lloyd was working. Her manner in waiting on him immediately won his interest, he told reporters at the wedding here [NYC]. He gave her a wedding present of $150,000.
The Herald-Leader Menominee Michigan, Monday, August 22, 1927 P2:1.
The Story Behind the Will of Marshall Lloyd.
The Milwaukee Journal Sunday [Aug. 21, 1927] carried a column story of the devotion of Marshall B. Lloyd to Menominee, his beloved home town. Accompanying the story were pictures of the big department store and of the great crowd in front of the Lloyd theater on the opening night.Clinic to Be Provided.
"About $200,000 is provided for immediate endowment of a medical institution for diagnosis and temporary care of the sick. The remainder of the estate is to be held in trust for heirs during their lives and thereafter becomes part of the medical fund. The beneficiaries include Mrs. Lloyd, Mr. Lloyd's brother and his nieces and nephews. The will also provides for the continuation of the Lloyd store, a co-operative enterprise, which Mr. Lloyd organized recently and operated as leasee, and for erection and care of a mausoleum.
Most of the article deals with the diagnostic clinic provided for under the will of the late benefactor, and it was written by a member of the Journal's staff who was here last week.
"A man who amassed a fortune of $2,000,000 died remembering that he once was poor. And he recalled that his father had been poor and had died probably because of incorrect diagnosis of an ailment, and that his own wife had suffered for 16 years for the same reason. Studying over these facts in his last years, this man learned that the general medical practitioner of the small town has neither the time not the laboratory equipment to diagnose and treat chronic ailments, and he knew that the person of moderate means often cannot afford to visit specialist in distant cities.
"So he endowed a diagnostic clinic with the bulk of his fortune, to solve the medical problems of the town of 11,000 and vicinity. That is the story behind the will of Marshall B. Lloyd, known as "the baby carriage king," who died here Aug. 10. His will bequeathed real estate valued at $150,000 to Mrs. Lloyd, and the remainder of the estate, $2,000,000, is to be held in a trust fund, all of which eventually is to be devoted to charity.
"And so this man, who for 21 years devoted every spare moment to developing his town, who was rebuffed on occasion by the town he sought to improve, who spent his last strength in an effort to hasten the reopening of condemned bridges between Marinette and Menominee, who had been successively a farm hand, a wood cutter, a village store clerk, a fisherman and fish peddler, a soap canvasser, a street jewelry salesman, a musher with Canadian mails, a real estate dealer, a waiter and an inventor of many devices, two of which, a machine for tube welding and a fiber furniture loom, built his fortune--This man died in his late sixties and it was revealed that he had done much pondering on a remedy for the ills of poorer neighbors, many of them employed in his own factory.
Goes Back Many Years.
"The story of Mr. Lloyd's will goes back many years, as Mrs. Lloyd tells it. He believed that his father might have lived longer than he did had his ailment been correctly diagnosed and treated early. But his father was a poor man and could receive only the treatment available in his community.
"Then the medical profession revealed to Mr. Lloyd what might be done for his stomach. Five years ago and X-ray showed that an ailment from which Mrs. Lloyd had suffered for 16 years had been incorrectly diagnosed; an operation cured her. At the hospital the Lloyds studied many cases and were deeply impressed by the accomplishments of science.
"On their return home it was decided that eventually their fortune would be devoted to bringing science to Menominee. Menominee physicians with whom Mr. Lloyd conferred pointed out that while the surgeons of the city could perform nearly every operation arising in routine practice, the weakness of the small town practitioners lay in fact that none of them had the equipment nor the time required for complete diagnosis of beginning ailments.
Beyond the Reach of the Poor.
"Hidden ills, the physicians said, demand blood analysis, X-ray examinations by specialists, Microscopic examinations and observations all require time, which the average surgeon or physician can not spare from his routine practice, and equipment which he does not have. They pointed out too that the person of average means often cannot afford to take his ailments to specialists for a series of examinations, and so Mr. Lloyd decided to bring the laboratory to Menominee.
"At first it was planned to incorporate the clinic in the huge store building and a fourth floor was provided for that purpose, but before the store was stocked it became evident that the goods would occupy all the available space. The physicians who went over the plans for the medical institution with the donor predict that eventually the endowment will make Menominee the medical center of Michigan area served by Menominee.
Intense Civic Spirit.
"An intense, almost fierce civic spirit, also was a factor influencing the founder of the institution. The bright, quick-moving man with the commanding eyes always had been impatient of delay in improving the town, and he was accustomed to cutting red tape by using his own funds to advance the community interests. To him some credit the safe water supply for Menominee which previously had a high typhoid rate. His latest venture, the organization of a community building corporation has provided Menominee with a department store such as is probably found in no other city of its size in America.
"In 1924 the town's only department store was burned, and the owners refused to rebuild. The town appealed to Mr. Lloyd, then in Florida, and he organized a community building corporation, selling $500,000 worth of stock to 1,500 citizens.
Last Project Held Up.
"The store, with a theater included, was built, but no one could be found to lease it. Mr. Lloyd added the store to his many interests and his will provides for its continuance so that Menominee citizens might have complete stock in their own town.
"Until the store occupied his time the invento0r had been working on a sectional house, which could be economically erected and heated. That was his method of "doing something for the men who work." He had bought land for a model city and planned to manufacture his sectional house on a large scale, but illness and the details of the store management prevented the fulfillment of these plans."
Lloyd Shop News, Menominee Michigan, August 25, 1927, Vol. 9, No. 2, P. 1 Published by and for the workers at the Lloyd Factory
Memoria in Eterna
A Man Loved By All
March 10, 1858
Marshall Burns Lloyd
August 10, 1927
There is no chance, no destiny, no fate,
Can circumvent or hinder or control
The firm resolve of a determined soul.
Gifts count for nothing; will alone is great;
All things give way before it, soon or late.
What obstacle can stay the mighty force
Of the sea-seeking river in its course,
Or cause the ascending orb of day to wait?
Each well-born soul must win what it deserves.
Let the fool prate of luck. The fortunate
Is he whose earnest purpose never swerves
The one great aim.
Why, even Death stands still
And waits an hour sometimes for such a will
Ella Wheeler Wilcox.
Entire Factory Mourns Passing of M. B. Lloyd.
Workers Assist in Laying Beloved Friend to Rest at Riverside Cemetery.
Marshall Burns Lloyd is dead.Never Gave Up.
The passing of Mr. Lloyd marks the last chapter in the life of Menominee's most admired citizen. It marks the passing of a beloved man who began life under the most adverse circumstances and fought his way to success and international fame. And it marks the passing of a man who always shared his success with his fellow-men. No greater tribute can be paid Mr. Lloyd than to say his death was probably hastened by his expediture of energies for the welfare and betterment of the city he loved so well--Menominee.
He died as he lived--fighting valiantly.
The odds against him in his final battle on this earth were too great. He struggled until the very end, fighting, fighting, fighting for one more breath, but at 4:15 o'clock on the morning of August 10, with Mrs. Lloyd at his bedside, he said:
"I want to take a deep breath."
As he straightened up and breathed he collapsed and fell forward. He was conscious until the end. Death was due to angina pectoris. With him when he died were: Mrs. Lloyd, his brother, Cyrus Lloyd; two nephews, Cyrus and William Lloyd; C[laude]. M[athew]. Dalrymple, Dr. R. A. Walker and Dr. H. T. Sethney, the attending physicians.
A review of Mr. Lloyd's life in the Shop News is far from a necessity. Men, women, boys, and girls working in this plant are familiar with the history of this mechanical genius who attained success by the application of a master mind coupled with untiring efforts. And when his success was established, when his fortune was made, when he had all the earthly possessions that any man could ask for or want, he was not satisfied to live his last years in rest and enjoyable recreation. He went to work again. Upon his retirement as manager of this company he started all over again and on an entirely new mission.
Loved His City.
His "home town" needed him. It needed a department store and recreation center. Again he went to work. He aroused public interest to the point where one of the greatest monuments to his memory was established--the Lloyd Store.
He was responsible for the rebirth of Menominee. In spite of the warnings of his close friends and his physicians, he carried on, working, thinking and planning for bigger things for his community and greater happiness and pleasures for his fellowmen.
His last official act, just two weeks before his death, was his presence at a local meeting and an appeal by him for all intersts in Menominee to stand together for its own good.
Loss Keenly Felt.
Wihtin a few hours after news of the untimely death of Menominee's benefactor reached the ears of local people a spirit of grief passed over the city. Flags on business places and private residences were raised to half mast and stayed there for three days until after the remains of Mr. Lloyd were laid at rest in Riverside cemetery.
Telegrams by the scores were received by Mrs. Lloyd from all parts of the country and many from Canada. Every business place in the city was closed.
New York Times, May 6 1928, Sec II, P2:7.
First Wife Sues Estate.
Declares She Was Illegally Divorced From Michigan Philanthropist.
MENOMINEE. Mich., May 5 (AP).--A million dollars is at stake in the suit of Mrs. Margaret Isadora Lloyd of Los Angeles against the estate of her former husband, Marshall Burns Lloyd, inventor, philanthropist, and manufacturer. The case is set for trial here Monday.
Mrs. Herietta B. [P.] Lloyd, second wife; Isaac B. Lipson of Chicago and the Detroit Trust Company, executors of the will, are defendants.
The plaintiff seeks the $1,000,000 as her rightful share as the widow of the millionaire. Her suit is based on the contention that she was illegally divorced by Mr. Lloyd and she was his lawful wife at the time of his death last August.
The Herald-Leader, Menominee Michigan, Thursday Evening, August 11, 1927 P1.
LLOYD LIES IN STATE
Public May View Body at Residence Today and Friday
Arrangements Completed for Last Sad Rites for Menominee's Foremost Citizen--Services at Residence Will Be Held at Two O'clock Saturday Afternoon--Rev. Lewis J. Bailey Will Officiate.
The body of the late Marshall Burns Lloyd, Menominee's most beloved citizen who passesd away at his home here Wednesday morning at the age of 69 year, lies in state at the home on lower Sheridan road where it may be viewed by the public. It will lie in state from 4 o'clock this afternoon until 8 o'clock tonight and tomorrow it may be viewed from 10 o'clock in the morning until 8 o'clock in the eventing. The casket will be closed to the public after Friday night and will not be opened at the funeral Saturday.
The people are directed to enter the front door of the home and pass into the living room where the body of Mr. Lloyd lies. There will be attendants to direct them. They will pass out of the residence through the north door in the sun parlor and around the house leaving by the front gate.
Several automobiles which will hold four or more persons including drivers are requested for the funeral of the late Marshall B. Lloyd. Car owners who can furnish cars and drivers are requested to telephone Howard E. Nadeau, Number 322, Friday morning. Mr. Nadeau will advise car owners when the cars will be wanted as well as their parking places.
Beloved as he was by all the people of the community, there undoubtedly will be great congestion about the home while Mr. Lloyd's body lies in state. When the pople take their last look at Menominee's first citizen they are requested to leave as promptly as possible to make room for others.
Complete Funeral Plans.
Arrangements for the funeral are about complete. Services will be held at the home at 2 o'clock. Rev. Lewis J. Bailey of Grace Episcopal church will officiate. Burial will be in Riverside cemetery. The active pallbearers are men who were Mr. Lloyd's intimate business associates. The honorary pallbearers have been selected form those who were associated with him in civic enterprises. By proclamation of Mayor Charles A. Spies, all business in Menominee will be suspended during the hours of the funeral. City officials and aldermen, county officials and others in public life will attend in a body. Flags are at half-staff in all parts of the city. All Menominee mourns.
Scores of messages of condolence have been received by Mrs. Lloyd from persons in all parts of the country. Practically all the persons form outside who will attend the funeral have announced their arrival for Friday. The floral tributes being received are magnificent.
Although Mr. Lloyd lived a very simple life, he greatly enjoyed the beauties and comforts of his splendid home on Sheridan road. It was his desire that his final resting place be as beautiful as his home had been in life and his wish will be granted to the full extent to which his life's efforts had entitled him. He enjoyed the best in life and will have the best in death.
Solid Bronze Casket.
Work on the mausoleum will start at once. Mr. Lloyd had planned to start the work last year, but he became so busy with the details of the department store and theater enterprise for Menominee that he did not get around to carry out the work of building a tomb form hiself.
Assisting In Final Rites of Mr. Lloyd
T. E. Drum
Richard B. Thompson
Edward J. Morrissey
Clyde B[aker]. Dalrymple
George W. Rowell
Claude M[athew]. Dalrymple
George W. McCormick
Edmund P. Smith
Frank X. St. Peter
Artemus C. Wells
Fred M. Prescott
C. I. Cook
Dr. R. A. Walker
R. W. S. Hoskin
W. S. Carpenter
John M. Thompson
In Charge of Flowers.
Mrs. George W. McCormick
nbsp;nbsp;Mrs. Robert M. Weldeman
Mrs. John M. Thompson
Mrs. Mrs. Charles H. Law
Mrs. C. I. Cook
Mrs. Loren Prescott
Transportation of Flowers.
Herbert A. Bowdish
Charles H. Law
Cary S. Prescott
Ralph W. Wells
John J. O'Hara
In Charge of Automobiles.
Howard E. Nadeau
Robert M. Weldeman
Paul G. Christensen
Edgar A. Guensberg
Dr. S. C. Mason--It is a great loss to Menominee to have Mr. Lloyd go at this time just as he has got the Store and Theatre on a fine footing and had the vision and desire to do other fine things for his home town.
Business Men Pay Tribute |
to Menominee's First Citizen
J. J. Pelletier--A wonderful man is gone. I cannot imagine a greater calamity to Menominee than the death of Mr. Lloyd. His life was an example to the poor boy as well as to the rich man. To the poor boy he was an example of how honesty of purpose and ambition will lead to success. To the rich man he showed the way to use great wealth for the benefit of his fellow man.
Ed. Wood--Menominee has lost its builder and booster. His heart was for Menominee. He was in touch with all Menominee. His work benefitted us all, every one of us. Mr. Lloyd's store has been a big thing for the Hotel Menominee. The benefit to the hotel is direct, but directly of indirectly, he benefitted all business in Menominee and each one of its citizens.
Joseph J. Winkel--As president of the municipal council of Menominee I feel that our city has lost its most outstanding citizen, whose love for the city of his adoption led him to accomplish things for the benefit of its citizens that will stand as a monument to his memory for all time.
John L. Silvernale--Menominee has lost a fearless leader in the business and civic life of the city in the death of Mr. Lloyd. His interest in the welfare of the city and all of its people was real and wholehearted. Very few men situated as he was make the the sacrifice in time and stregth to serve their fellowmen, as he did to serve his fellowmen.
G. A. Blesch--Menominee has lost a remarkable man, and one who, right or wrong, was always sincere in his convictions.
A. C. Wells--Mr. Lloyd's passing takes from the city its best citizen, a man eminently fair and just, and the greatest asset Menominee had. A hundred percent American Menominee citizen, the example he set can not fail to have its inluenceon the entire community.
Joseph N. La Billois--Menominee in the death of Mr. Lloyd, has lost it's greatest benefactor. His love for his home town prompted him to undertake projects, the completion of which would benefit every man, woman and child.
John J. O'Hara--A personal loss is sustained by every citizen of Menominee in the passing of Mr. Lloyd.
His place in the field of invention was won by an indomitable will to succeed. His rise to wealth is typical of American opportunities fortified by a ceaseless energy that finds in Life's highway no mountian too high to climb no paths too rugged to trod.
My memory of him is not that of an inventor, financier, or a captin of industry, but that of a citizen of Menominee who gave unstintingly of his time to the civic development of our city. A man who took personal pride in being of service to his fellow citizens in every walk of life.
His record of public service will live long in the history Menominee. His virtue of citizenship will keep his memory fresh and green in the years to come. When we entomb his mortal remains in the soil he loved we pray to a Divine diety that his soul may REQIESCAT IN PACE.
Frank X. St. Peter--No man loved Menominee more, his death has caused an irreparable loss.
Carl A. Anderson--Through the death of Mr. M. B. Lloyd, the community and city of Menominee, has lost a man of sterling worth. He was untiring in his efforts for a bigger and better Menominee.
A. W. Blom--The City of Menominee suffers an irreparable loss in the passing of Marshall B. Lloyd. Unselfishly devoted to the best interest of our community he gave freely of himself and of his means, and through his efforts Menominee has taken a forward step in civic prosperity unequalled in its history. I feel keenly the loss of a good friend and business associate.
George W. McCormick--Marshall B. Lloyd was a great crative genius and his work will live long after he is gone. Menominee was most fortunate in having had him as a citizen.
H. B. Mitchell--Menominee held a high place in Mr. Lloyd's intersts and his influence for betterment will be missed in the civic and commercial life of the city as keenly as his friendship will be missed in his large circle of friends.
Just a heap of sadness pressing
A Tribute to |
Marshall B. Lloyd
On the city's heart today--
Marshall B. has gon to Heaven
There to rest, in peace to stay.
A glorious date in last October,
Perched on high in great delight
Sat this man, with music soaring
Through the balmy air that night.
People cheering, lights a-flairing.
Down the pathway of his flight
Came that form so dominating
Marshall B., the city's Knight.
But today we pay him homage,
Not with music and with cheer,
But with tears and douwncast gazes,
As he passes on his bier.
Strew with flowers is his pathway
To his noble, fighting end;
God Almighty, Father in Heaven
Bless his soul, Thou Maker of Men.
--E. J. Perry.
MARSHALL BURNS LLOYD
Menominee has lost her best friend.
If the sorrow and grief of the present moment crystalizes into a resolve to carry on, then indeed will a grateful city horor the memory of Marshall Burns Lloyd.
Almost literally he gave his life for his home town.
He repaetedly fought through illness back to temporary strength that he might do something more for Menominee.
The opportunity and invitation to a life of ease, enjoying the financial profits of his great industrial achievements appealed to him not at all.
Different from most wealthy men, he admitted and sought to discharge his debt to the city where his fortune had been made.
In common with all men, he was not always right, but he was always fearless and sincere. His unselfish devotion to the city he loved was and inspiring example of American citizenship.
Marshall Burns Lloyd was the last man this city could afford to spare, but if patriotic example accounts for anything those who remain behind will carry on his great unfinished work.
What a rebuke was his life of indomitable energy to those who hesitate and quibble! When only action is needed he surely did with his might what his hand found to do.
No greater monument to his memory can be raised by a grateful community than to, without intermission, unitedly join in completing the plans he had under way to make his beloved city all his far flung vision saw it might become.
The name of Marshall Burns Lloyd will go marching down the path of time as long as Menominee has gratitude, appreciation and civic pride.
Roger W. Andrews.
The Herald-Leader, Menominee Michigan, Friday Evening, August 12, 1927 P1.
LLOYD IN STATE TILL 8 P.M.
Respect and Love Mark Visitors to Mr. Lloyd's Bier
The Poor, the Rich, the Old and Young Pay Last Respects to Man Who Loved Them--Lloyd Factory Workers Say Farewell in Group at Four and Store Workers at Six Today--Public Excluded After 8 O'clock Tonight--Funeral at 2 Saturday.
They came--they came for their last farewell.Gaze with quivering Lips.
And as they gazed with quivering lips and moistened eyes they imbedded into their memories the image of Marshall Burns Lloyd--the man who put Menominee back on the map and the man whose energies, so well expended, will continue to keep Menominee on the map for generations to come.
The poor, the rich, the old, the young, those high in civic and business life, those doing the most menial labor--they all came for the same purpose--came to take a last look at the man who had the courage to say in meaning words, "Menominee, I love you."
From early Thursday afternoon when the sun was high in the heavens until darkness cast its shroud over the mourning community, they came--Then again all day today they came. Singly, in twos, threes and in groups they came. Silently they wended their ways through the gates, into the home and to the bier of the departed First Citizen.
As the years roll by Marshall Burns Lloyd will hold his place in the minds of men for his was the personality and leadership that men never forget. And because he meant so much to everyone, everyone will do his part to carry on in the enterprises which Mashall Burns Lloyd created and fostered so unselfishly. Men will do these things because men will want the soul of this great man to gaze down on their loyalty to his memory.
Great Affection Shown.
No greater affection and respect for any citizen has ever been shown in this community. Even before the appointed hour for Mr. Lloyd to lie in state on Thursday, people began to come to the home. They were no "sight seers," they were people who were swayed by their hearts to pay their respects to the great man who is no more on earth.
Men, women and children came in expensive automobiles, on foot and on bicycles. Mothers brought their children--even babes in arms--so that all might pay their respects and so that all might have and indelible memory as a guiding star to their future lives. It was a privilege, they felt, for them to be so close physically to the man who had been the great inspiration of the city.
Knew No Race Prejudices.
And those who came were of all nationalities because the man they honored knew no race prejudices. His was the life of a real true American.
Just so did people come of all religious faiths; they knew that the First Citizen was First because he had no prejudices. Catholics and Protestants came and from each group there were breathed silent, meaning prayers for the peaceful repose of the soul of their friend and benefactor. To those who were in attendance came the full knowledge of what Menominee and Marinette thought and hoped for Marshall Burns Lloyd.
Throughout the last two days as during the days of Mr. Lloyd's illness his closest associates and relatives remained close to the bier. His associated remained because they knew a, as others cannot know, what a tremendous loss has come to them. But the memory of Mr. Lloyd will remain ever with them and will act as a guidance to them for the remainder of their lives.
Factory Workers Come Today.
Today at four-fifteen o'clock the.....wealthy men, that through his wealth he was anything but one of them. And those who knew Mr. Lloyd most intimately, knew the workers judged their former leader correctly. Mr. Lloyd loved workers whether they worked at menial tasks or otherwise. To him work was one of the great things which made men honest and clean and patriotic.
Today at six o'clock the workers in Mr. Lloyd's latest enterprise--the Lloyd's Department Store--will march to the home in a body to say their farewell. Here again they come in a group because Mr. Lloyd would have had them come in that manner and because they would have him pleased in everything.
Her Prayers Were Heard.
Lloyd's Department Store was the closing chapter in this great doer's book of life. The closing chapter of a great man--one who came into the world after weeks of prayers on his mother's lips that she might be the mother of a great genius. Little did she know or realize how the Great Master had listened to her prayers. And little did she know or realize how her son, born in poor circumstances, would surmount the great difficulties of life and rise to the heights that were his.
Truly a life like Mr. Lloyd's is a great inspiration for those who would live clean and for those who would be successful in all their undertakings. He started from nowhere, almost, in his business career. He fought battles and discouragements that would have halted most men. But there was no stopping him. He was guided by the prayers of his mother and endowed with a spirit and an ability that knew no stopping. Gradually but surely he climbed the ladder of business success until he reached the top. And just as he climbed the mountains of business so too did he lead the life of a man, a real man--ever upward.
In State Until 8 Tonight.
And so today as the workers in Lloyd's Department Store say their farewells they may do so with the knowledge that they were his last chosen group--a group selected to help him build an everlasting tribute to the people and to the community that meant so much to him.
Tonight at 8 o'clock Menominee's First Citizen will cease to lie in state and as the last of those whom Mr. Lloyd loved so well depart from his bier they, as those who went before, will carry through life the final memory of a great man.
Gov. Fred Green Pays Tribute to Marshall Lloyd
Mrs. Marshall B. Lloyd this morning received the following message of condolence and tribute to her late husband, form Governor Fred Green of Michigan:
"Kindly accept my sincerest sympathy in your bereavement. I have known Marshall B. Lloyd for many years and regarded him as a close personal friend. While in a business way we were, in a sense, competitors, yet this in no way interfered with our friendship. Every transaction that I have ever had with him was on the highest plane of business ethics. He was honorable and honest to the last degree.
Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd were to have been the guests of Governor Green at the conference of governors at Mackinac Island the last week in July. Plans had been made by Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd for the trip to the island but were not carried out, Mr. Lloyd's illness preventing
| Pay Tribute to Menominee's First Citizen |
Michael J. Doyle, In Quebec -- The message from Menominee of Mr. Lloyd's death grieves as it shocked me. While I knew that grave attacks periodically threatened, yet I hoped and believed that his indomitable will would overcome physical fragility and that he would be with us many years.
Marshall B. Lloyd believed in himself absolutely and lived to convince all, even those who had estimated his purposes as beyond human accomplishment. Menominee has lost its most valuable citizen. His virtues were not solely intellectual
Heart, brain and soul united in one commanding personality constituted a trinity of manhood not often met. I knew him well and regret that I had not earlier recognized his rich endowments fully. He ranks with Americas great men. I tender heartfelt sympathy to his bereaved widow.
* * *
V. A. Lundgren --
It was my privilege during the past year to come in contact with Mr. Lloyd while away from home. I shall always remember his expressions of explicit faith in Menominee and his love for its citizens. We have suffered the irreparable loss of a leader and a friend.
* * *
A. J. Goedjen -- Mr. Lloyd's untiring devotion to the upbuilding of his home town should long continue as an inspiration to others to carry on.
* * *
Phillip Harter -- We are all sorry to lose Mr. Lloyd. I knew him from the day he came to Menominee and I never knew of an instance when he was not in the foremost rank for the betterment of the town. Of late years he was all for Menominee, his own interests secondary. His death is a great loss.
* * *
E. J. Ellenwood -- Mr. Lloyd was of the salt of the earth. He was first, foremost and always for Menominee. We will miss him more and more as time goes by. Who can take his place?
* * *
Charles Posepoy -- It was Mr. Lloyd's unselfishness that always impressed me. He was heart and soul for Menominee. It was not "what is best for me" with Mr. Lloyd, it was "what is best for Menominee."
* * *
Joseph Pfankuch -- Every business man in Menominee particularly owes a debt of gratitude to Mr. Lloyd for his efforts in building up the city. The greatest regret is that he could not have lived a few more years to enjoy the full realization of his dreams come true.
* * *
W. S. Gregory -- It is hart for me to exp[r]ess my sorrow in the loss of Mr. Lloyd. In my 44 years in Menominee, Mr. Lloyd was the outstanding figure of all the big men who have lived here. His death is a loss to the laboring man as well as to the business man. Very few cities in the countray had men of Mr. Lloyd's ability and wealth; still fewer cities had men who would unselfishly devote thair energies and wealth to their city as did Mr. Lloyd.
* * *
Frederick C. Peterson -- It was a great loss to Menominee when Mr. Lloyd passed away. I am aftraid Menominee will never get anyone to take his place.
* * *
John Riley -- We have lost our leader. He was the inspiration of the community. His aim was to place Menominee in a new light and in a new era. It is too bad he could not have remained with us another ten years. His ambitions as well as his money was ready to carry through his great work. We have suffered the greates loss that could have happened to Menominee.
* * *
Walter G. Seidl -- We have lost our finest friend. We don't yet know what to think. The shock has us benumbed. There is scarcely a minute in the day that Mr. Lloyd does not come into mind. I cannot realize that he is gone. It is up to us younger business men to buckle down and take up the work where he left off.
* * *
F. J. Trundell -- An inventor is defined as on who finds out something new. To denominate Mr. Lloyd other than such adds nothing to his memory--he always. . . .to create. The. . . .
ASK PUBLIC TO CO-OPERATE IN AIDING TRAFFIC
Route Autoists Are Requested to Take in Attending Lloyd Funeral
To relieve to as great an extent as possible the traffic congestion which will result Saturday afternoon at the funeral of Marshall B. Lloyd, the people of Menominee are requested to assist in carying out the traffic regulations as arranged.
Sheridan road from Ludington avenue to Pengilly street will be closed to all traffic from noon Saturday until after the funeral.
Persons coming in cars are requested to drive south on Kirby street and to line up facing north on Sheridan road below Pengilly street. Wells avenue, between Kirby and Sheridan, will be used for mourners' cars and the hearse and will be closed to the public's conveyances.
After the services in the Lloyd home, people will leave the house immediately and enter their cars leaving that part of Sheridan road vacant between Ludington and Pengilly.
After the casket has been placed in the hearse, the hearse will drive to the corner of Sheridan and Ludington. The mourners' automobiles will come out of Wells on to Sheridan, pick up the mourners, pallbearers and members of the immediate arrangements staff and line up behind the hearse. In the meantime the public's automobiles will have been filled and will jouin up with the leading conveyances of the funeral cortege.
Route For Cortege
The procession will go north on Sheridan road to Ogden avenue down Ogden to Broadway, up Broadway to Stephenson avenue to Riverside cemetery.
Automobiles have been provided only for the mourners and pallbearers. Others are requested to provide their own conveyances. Street car service to the cemetery will be provided throughout the afternoon.
Employees of the Lloyd Manufacturing company and the Lloyd Department store will form in ranks through which the cortege will pass as it approaches the entrance to the cemetery.
The municipal board of aldermen will attend the funeral in a body with other city and county officials. Several of the fraternal organizations have announced plans to attend in a body.
The service at the home will be held at 2 o'clock. Rev. Lewis J. Bailey of Grace Episcopal church will read the Burial Office. Estelle Louise Vernet, of Oak Park, Ill., staff artist of the Commonwealth Edison studio, Chicago, and a friend of the Lloyd family, will sing.
Floral tributes have been received from all over the nation. So many have been received that it is impossible to get them all into the house. So that they may be preserved to the best advantage, great quantities of the flowers have been placed in the care of the florist until they can be placed on Mr. Lloyd's grave.
Many From Outside
Among the out of town persons who are arriving today for the funeral are: Mr. N. Hammer, Orange, N. J., father of Mrs. Lloyd; Mrs. Ernest Gifford, Lockport, N. Y., and Mrs. C. A. Farrar, Meaford, Ontario, sisters of Mr. Lloyd, Mrs. William Jamieson, Meaford, Ont., a sister of Mr. Lloyd, is unable to be here for the funeral because of illness. His only brother, Cyrus S. Lloyd, Santa Monica, Cal, has been here for some time. His nephews, Will, Jack, Cyrus and Alfred Lloyd are here or are arriving today. Miss Alice Crocker, Orange, N. J., a girlhood friend of Mrs. Lloyd, has been here for some time. Mr. and Mrs. George Rowell of Chicago, Mrs. Junior Norcross and two children of old Mexico, Richard B. Thompson, Clyde Dairymple, Edward Morrisey, Ray Bagley and other friends of the family from out of town are here.
Menominee Herald-Leader. Unknown date.
THE MENOMINEE, MICHIGAN HERALD-LEADER PRINTS THE FOLLOWING ARTICLE
The nation-wide publicity on the remarkable progress of Marshall Burns Lloyd from a fish peddler to one of the most prominent machine inventers has reached the eyes of many boyhood friends and has brought letters of congratulations. This morning came a letter from Monroe, Michigan, written by William Henry Decker, an employee of the Detroit and Toledo Shore Line Railroad.
Forty years have passed since Mr. Lloyd and Mr. Decker have seen or heard of each other. It has been longer than that since they played together in their old home at Meaford, Ontario, on the shores of Georgian Bay. Since that time, Mr. Lloyd has gone on from fish peddler to hotel waiter, to jewelry street salesman, mail carrier by dog train, farm hand, inventor, manufacturer, until he now heads the largest baby carriage factory in the world and is the only man who has been able to change the ancient method of wicker weaving and build a loom which could weave the wicker by machinery.
"Some time ago, Henry Hamilton, of Thornbury, Ontario, now living in Albany, Oregon, sent me a clipping giving me an account of your achievements," says to-day's letter. "I was very much pleased to see that some one in little old Meaford had made a success of his life."
"Yesterday while en route from Toledo I was reading the Detroit Sunday News. My attention was attracted to a very familiar picture. It was you, Marshall, and now I want to congratulate you. I hope you keep on advancing in fame."
Last summer Mr. Lloyd visited Meaford and saw many of his boyhood haunts and early friends. In one farm house he found a clothes hamper which he had invented when a boy and traded for a side of bacon. It was still in use. He manufactured many of these in the little old woodshed all of which he traded for food or clothing.
Marinette Eagle-Star. P. 6, Sec. 3. After Aug. 1950. Courtesy Menominee Co. Historical Society. Menominee, MI 49858.
Lloyd Shared Wealth
A Lloyd Fund was established under the Lloyd Foundation that was administered by a board of directors. This was specifically provided for in Lloyd's will. It was headed by his widow, Mrs. Henrietta Lloyd Merrill, who by that time was living in Short Hills, N. H. [M. B. Lloyd II notes: In the late 40's I met her 2-3 times in Chicago furniture shows.]. The directors also included Dr. W. S. Jones Sr., S. M. Buckman, Dr. John T. Kaye, George Barstow, Albert Cherney, C. J. Scanlon and John E. Henes. Kenneth O. Doyle was legal adviser and Roland Odgers was finance officer. Harry Gjelsteen was the architect of the foundation.
Marshall B. Lloyd came to Menominee in 1906 from Minneapolis, Minn., and established the Lloyd Manufacturing Co. which opened for production one year later. Lloyd's contributions to the community were tremendous. One of the most significant was his bequeath of more than $650,000 "to the people of Menominee for health charities." Lloyd died Aug. 10, 1928 .
Litigation over the Lloyd will and curtailment of building materials during World War II delayed until the spring of 1949 the start of construction of the hospital facility which was to bear his name.
The Lloyd bequest was in the form of stock in the Heywood-Wakefield Co. which was the parent concern of the Lloyd Manufacturing Co. of Menominee. The stock was converted into liquid assets when construction contracts were let. The Lloyd Fund was listed at $654,294.11 April 1, 1949.
A grant of $299,123 from the United States Public Health Service under a federal hospital construction program swelled the total for the Menominee building project. Interest on the investment and contributions from area citizens also boosted the fund.
The Lloyd wing was dedicated Aug. 10, 1950, on the 23rd anniversary of his death.
Unknown Brittish Source. P. 44. Circa 1977.
FRUIT OF THE LOOM
Sixty years ago, American Marshall B. Lloyd invented this style of furniture. It's produced today in the United Kingdom using the original method -- brown paper fibre wrapped around wire. This has proved a durable mixture -- It's still possible to buy 60-year-old pieces in perfect condition. "Belton" armchair, £220, and 23in round table, £150, from Lloyd Loom Furniture Ltd. For stockists, tel: 0775 712111.|
Menominee, Herald-Leader, May 25, 1923.
Gigantic Building Program Under Way;
Means Work for Hundreds
It was a great day of joy in the factory as well as every other part of Menominee and Marinette on May 17 when Mr. Lloyd announced the company's intentions of going into an extensive building program which will make the largest baby-carriage manufacturing company In the world larger.
The Building Plans
The plans, copies of which are now in the hands of the contractors, call for the construction of more floor space for this factory which will be one of the greatest things Menominee has experienced in many years. The enlargement of departments, the added capacity and the fact that there will be room for changes which the management has sought for some time are all encouraging to those who are so much interested in the growth of this institution.
The control of goods through the factory will be even of a more systematic nature under the plan of manufacturing than at the present time. Workers here are anxious to see the first ground turned over for the changes.
MARSHALL B. LLOYD
The announcement does not only mean that the business of the Lloyd Manufacturing Company will be expanded but it means as well that employment will be made possible for upwards of 500 more persons, bringing the payroll of this company close to the 1,500 mark.|
After the first building is erected, it will be necessary to make several department changes while the other structures are undergoing renovation and raising. This will necessitate some extensive moving of machines and stock but every effort will be made to keep operation as close to normal as possible. Present plans do not specify any letup in operation.
In connection with the work which will soon be under way, Mr. Lloyd authorized the following statement:
Likes to Build
"I love to see the factory increase. I love to see it grow for itself, for the men who have money invested in it and for the two cities in general. I don't want any more money, but I do want enjoyment--and my chief enjoyment is to be able to provide work and a means of making a livelihood for as many families as I possibly can.
"Through growing? Why, I won't be through growing and expanding until I have been laid away quietly in some neat little nest in the cemetery and that's a long way off, let me tell you. I feel great. I am as full of ambition as I ever was and before many months I am going to announce some more inventions which will again startle this old world and make some more of the industrial men of the country sit up and take notice.
"Certainly I have worked hard for what I have accomplished but I'm mighty proud to say that my hard work--my many hours of worry and study--have been rewarded with success and who wouldn't want to work hard if he knew that some day he would be successful'?
"We started out making baby buggies and doll buggies many years ago. We continued until my Invention of the loom which weaves thirty times faster than human hands, and with more efficiency. Then we started making the new kind of baby carriages and they took so well all over
the country that our salesmen could hardly keep pace with the demand for shipments. They wanted carriages everywhere and they wanted them so fast and so many that we could hardly believe it ourselves, although we knew we had the world beaten with the loom invention, two years later we added loom woven doll carriages to our line.
"Then we started making some furniture. I saw the possibilities of that industry early in the game but it took some time for development. We were crowded for space because of the carriage demand. We did some building, but even then we needed that room so we could make more carriages.
Another Big Success
"Finally, we did make some furniture. It was an experiment but we felt pretty certain that it was going across as well as the carriages. Our salesmen put the furniture on the market. Naturally there was some criticism. Some pieces were a little too crude, so we improved them and last year we came forth with our complete line of perfected furniture.
"Once more the salesmen went out and dealer after dealer who had bought the year before wanted to place larger orders. We saw the success in that business as we saw it a year or so before in the other. The first few months we were sold out for the year. We did everything possible to increase production by operating night and day, but even then we could not keep pace with the demand.
"Re-orders are now coming in so fast that we can hardly wait for the new buildings. Salesmen have been instructed not to promise any more deliveries before three or four months at least. One firm in the East recently purchased $50,000 worth of furniture in one order and the only complaint they registered was that they were sorry we couldn't sell them more. But we will take care of them before long and we will also take care of hundreds of others who are so anxious to buy our products."
Underwood, Jane, Pub. "Wonderfully Wicker." Oklahoma Treasures etc. April, 2000. <http://www.shopoklahoma.net/oktreasures/articles0400.htm>
Soon after the turn of the century, changing tastes began to call for sleeker furniture forms. In 1917, wicker maker, Marshall Lloyd, responded by inventing a mechanized loom capable of working twisted paper fiber into a tight weave. Ironically, the uniform designs created by the Lloyd loom process eventually robbed the furniture of the individual appeal that had first attracted buyers. Wicker fell out of fashion in the 1930s and it was not until the 1960s that a revival occurred.
People relaxing in wicker chairs today owe their comfort in part to a Boston grocer named Cyrus Wakefield. In 1844, Wakefield began experimenting with making furniture from rattan, and he eventually discovered that rattan’s inner pith, known as reed, was particularly pliable and could be woven into ornate designs. By the 1880s, bedrooms, parlors, and porches alike boasted elegant wicker furnishings distinguished by intricate weaving that incorporated spirals, curlicues, arabesques, and other exotic touches. Generally made by weaving rattan, reed, willow, rush, grass, or paper fibers over a wooden frame, wicker is popular today not only for its appealing appearance but also for its versatility. This cool, lightweight furniture, which can be painted or varnished, is compatible with many types of country décor and is available in a wide range of styles.
While wicker continues to be made today in many of the old styles, antique wicker is preferred by connoisseurs. When appraising an old piece, look for a hardwood, rather than a bamboo frame, an original finish, and unbroken weaving: repairs generally reduce the value. Labeled pieces, especially those bearing Wakefield’s name are highly prized. Whether antique or new, wicker requires proper care. Gentle cleaning with a vacuum brush attachment will remove light dirt. A soapy sponge bath and light rinsing with a garden hose is safe for most types of wicker, except grass or paper-fiber pieces. These can be wiped with a damp cloth but never hosed.
Painted wicker can also be renewed with a fresh coat of color, but be sure to remove loose paint first with a stiff brush. Chemical stripping is not generally advised as the process can damage the wicker fibers. In every old piece of wicker a bit of the past still lingers. Close your eyes and you might be able to see an old time porch where families gathered at days end to visit or whittle. Isn’t the past comforting?
Oct. 12 1912, Marshall B. Lloyd arrives in NY aboard the Adriatic from Liverpool line 0022 of ship's manifest. b. St. Paul MN Mar. 10 1858 male married age 54 res. Menominee, MI
LaRose Eric. "Theater has Second life as an Antique Store." Eagle Herald: A Beacon for the New Millenium, The Marinette and Mominee Online News Souce. Monday, September 29, 2003. <http://www.eagleherald.com/thea0929.htm>
Theater has second life as an antique store
By ERIC LaROSE
Eagle Herald staff writer
MENOMINEE -- Each year there are more and more movies being produced, and fewer theaters to show them in.
The single screen movie theater has been on the brink of extinction ever since multiplex theater chains became the norm. Most of the theaters many remember going to as a child have been destroyed. But some, thankfully, have found new life.
When movies were first presented to small groups of people in nickelodeon theaters and traveling tent shows, they served as a passport to far away places, especially destinations that members of the audience would never have a chance to see otherwise.
Movies took people on adventures, placing them in the middle of the action, while editing out the real danger.
As movies progressed, they became bigger, louder and more colorful. They also required bigger theaters to be displayed in.
At one point in time or another, the Twin Cities were home to several movie theaters including the Royal, the Rialto, the Lyric, the Fox, the Strand, the Grand, the Cozy, the Gem in Menekaunee, Dreamland in Menominee's Finntown, the Highway 64 Drive-in Theater and the Lloyd Theater in Menominee. All of them have been demolished, except the Lloyd.
Built in 1926 for $125,000, the Lloyd Theater was part of the once mighty Lloyd's Department Store. Originally built as a single screen silent theater, sound was introduced 18 months after it opened, and the Lloyd became the third theater north of Chicago to show "talkies."
The theater was split in the 1980s to accommodate more patrons. When it closed in 1997, a week after the Mariner Theater in Marinette closed down, the area lost a big piece of its history.
The Mariner did eventually reopen and at approximately 30 years old it is the oldest operating theater the twin cities of Marinette and Menominee.
Most movie theaters don't get a second chance. But the Lloyd's marquee still overlooks 1st Street in Menominee, and the two theaters still transport people to other places and times.
After closing, the Lloyd was purchased by Darrell and Linda Eland and turned into the Timeless Treasures Antique Mall. Where people used to sit and watch Hollywood's latest offerings, now sit tables and chairs, glassware and figurines, board games and old 45s.
"We opened in June of '98, we bought it in November or December of 1997," said Darrell Eland.
When they bought it, they tossed around a couple of possibilities of what kind of business they could open up before deciding on an antique store. Oddly enough, a movie theater was not one of them.
"In our deed it said that were not allowed to," Eland said clarifying that if they wanted to they could have opened a theater, but they would have had to wait 20 years to do it.
They spent the better part of the six months the space was closed for remodeling. Eland kept the two theaters in tact, but ripped out the seats and added balconies where the screen was for additional antiques.
It was the second time Eland had remodeled the space.
"My company did the drywall work when they split the theater," said Eland, who still owns and operates Eland Dry Wall Service in Menominee.
Owning the theater has been a kind of treasure hunt for Eland, as he has found numerous artifacts of film history throughout the space, most of which he has on display in the old ticket window and front counter.
They have found original programs from the theater, a film slide, an early film trailer, an usher's flashlight, and a pocketknife with burlesque pictures on it. He also found several films that, when he touched them, disintegrated.
Now, instead of the movies showing people the world, the theater brings the world to it.
A map at the front of the store is filled with stickpins representing where customers have come from.
They have had visitors from all 50 states and from as far away as Australia and Europe.
To keep giving it that real movie feel, the concession stand is open. "We make popcorn for anyone who wants it," said Eland.
The projector has long since been turned off, but history in this movie theater still lives on.
"Mr. Lloyd." From A Century of St. Thomas Times. p. 190 (FHL US/CAN Fiche #6048108)
He was here in the mid 1880's and lived over the blacksmith shop owned by Billy Jones. The shop caught fire and he came down in his red flannel underwear carrying something small in his hand, which turned out to be a scale he had invented--this was the Lloyd Scale. He also made aLloyd baby carriage, Lloyd springs and cash register.
Ebsch, Larry. "Lloyd, Menominee good match." Eagle Hearald. Marinette, WI; Menominee, MI: Sunday, 23 Jul 2006.
"Made in Menominee." What a powerful message just three words can send around the world in describing in part what the creativity of an energetic inventor and the skilled hands of proud laborers can do as ambassadors of a community. Marshall Burns Lloyd, and his hard-working labor force, made those words magic in world commerce with their many products that were sold coast to coast and in foreign markets.
The impressive craftsmanship, originating with Lloyd Manufacturing Co. and continued today under the identity of Lloyd-Flanders Industries Inc., has been a lasting trademark for 100 years. Lloyd began building his empire in the summer of 1906 and started up the factory machines in January 1907.
Ambitious and daring, Lloyd's multiple business ventures were already successful in Minneapolis in the 1890s. In 1900, he had purchased outright the interests of his business partners and was in full charge of Lloyd Manufacturing Co.
His initial rise in the business field came in inventing and manufacturing a combined grain sack holder and scale that reduced labor costs, then designed and produced a special door mat woven from wire. Soon his inventive mind developed a new wire wheel and a line of boys' wagons. He gained patents on his products. His drive to become wealthy was under way.
Looking for ways to expand on his ingenuity, and realizing he would need fresh investments to attain his goals, Lloyd decided to relocate from Minneapolis. He was somewhat familiar with the growth and development taking place in the Great Lakes region, and was aware that Menominee, Mich., and Marinette, Wis., were thriving lumber towns that were experiencing a decline in natural resources.
He sold his operations in Minneapolis and headed for Menominee, where he found willing investors who already were wealthy from their lumber dealings. It was a match that has lasted 100 years.
Before the diminutive man with the brilliant mind encountered health problems that led to his death on Aug. 10, 1927, at age 69, he had more than 200 inventions to his credit and accumulated a fortune of more than $2.5 million, a fortune he was willing to share with the community he now called "home."
Mr. Lloyd not only was generous in giving to the community and its surroundings, but also was active in civic affairs. He served as mayor of the city from 1913 to 1917 when the position was a part-time office, but one which had tremendous political clout. A 14-member city council served as the governing board in a city of more than 12,000.
He bankrolled the construction of the Lloyd Department Store, a four-story (with basement) downtown showpiece in 1926. Originally tabbed "The Wonder Store," Lloyd's dream retail outlet included an arcade and the Lloyd Theater.
He encouraged local investment in the project, and created the Menominee Community Building Co. for a communitywide stock drive. The project received more publicity and marketing promotions than when his huge manufacturing plant in the northern sector of the city was built.
Area retail competition was keen, however, and the famed Lloyd Store was doomed for closure after a few years of doing business.
Although Mr. Lloyd left his handprints on many Menominee enterprises during his tenure, the most philanthropic and beloved was his gift to build Menominee County Lloyd Hospital.
Lloyd left most of his vast fortune to the city upon his death in 1927 to establish a medical clinic for the care of patients who were unable to afford it. Political bickering and legal issues, however, prevented Lloyd's original plan from moving forward, and it wasn't until more than 20 years later before the hospital plan was completed.
He was a generous giver to many other local undertakings, and wasn't afraid to participate in community affairs. The city honored him with a street name. Lloyd Avenue ran east and west and touched the front property of the manufacturing company that bears his name. The street became 30th Avenue in 1950 when the city went to a numbering system.
Inventing things, and then finding a way to put his ideas to good use through manufacturing, inspired his phenomenal success.
Lloyd Loom was the inventor's one striking masterpiece that set him apart from other industrialists in the furniture business. His early wicker-made products became a showcase around the world.
Then came the famous Lloyd baby carriages that attracted nationwide attention. The historical photos that we sometimes see featuring wicker furniture and baby carriages are precious reminders of what Lloyd workers produced when today's older generations were growing up.
It would require a capacious brochure to detail all of the inventions and products under the Lloyd name since his arrival in Menominee. I find it necessary, however, to list some of them: public seating for theaters, schools and auditoriums; transportation seating for railroads, buses, street cars, aircraft and steamships; chrome-plated furniture for hotels, restaurants, clubs, taverns and other public institutions; outdoor furniture for businesses and homes; and home dinette sets. All of this besides boys' wagons and baby carriages.
Perhaps the least publicized, but the most important of ail Lloyd Manufacturing Co. products, came off the assembly lines in World War II. The federal government kept tight controls on domestic manufacturers that produced materials for the war effort. Lloyd workers received numerous government awards for their devotion to duty and for workmanship in meeting critical deadlines.
The company made glider fuselages for Ford Co. plants in Kingsford and Detroit, and bomber trainers for a plant in New York. It made motor mounts for Curtiss Wright Co. in Columbus, Ohio, and air breathers, oil lines and water lines for the Gray Marine Motor Co. in Detroit. The company made 100,000 75 mm high-explosive shells per month for the military.
Eighty-five percent of Lloyd's work in the early 1940s was in war production. About 250 of Lloyd's work force marched off to war. Women replaced men in the factory.
Lloyd Manufacturing Co. was once the largest employer in the M&M area with about 1,200 workers on the payroll. They were the ones responsible for forging the best advertising symbol any manufacturer could have: "Made in Menominee."
"Millionaire Inventor is Home From Florida." Ironwood Daily Globe. Tues. Evening, May 15, 1923. P2:C4
MILLIONAIRE INVENTOR IS HOME FROM FLORIDA
Menominee Mich.--Marshall B. Lloyd millionaire inventor of the wicker weaving loom that bears his name, has returned from Miami beach, Fla., where he and Mrs. Lloyd [M. B.'s third wife Henrietta (Hammer) Pollen AKA "Polly" whom he met in Fl] spent the winter in a beautiful estate recently acquired. The estate of Mr. Lloyd at Miami is one of the most maginficent on the Florida coast.
Mr. Lloyd was taken ill in March and passed several weeks at Johns Hopkins hospital at Baltimore under the care of stomach specialists.
"We all get sick once in a shile," said the inventor, "but I'm too busy to stay that way."